Download the required readings for each week here:

Jan. 29: (if you don't have the readings yet - be sure to have both texts by next week!)

Tovani Ch. 1

Buehl Ch. 1


Ciardello, V. (2003). “To wander and wonder”: Pathways to literacy and inquiry through question-finding. Journal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy, 47(3), 228-239.

OR Tovani, C. (2000). What do you wonder? In C. Tovani. I read it, but I don’t get it: Comprehension strategies for adolescent readers. Portland, ME: Stenhouse.

#2A. Shanahan, T. & Shanahan, C. (2008). Teaching disciplinary literacy to adolescents: Rethinking content area literacy. Harvard Educational Review, 78(1), 40-59.

#2B. Shanahan, C. & Shanahan, T. & Misischia, C. (2011). Analysis of expert readers in three disciplines: History, mathematics, and chemistry. Journal of Literacy Research, 43, 393-429.

#3A.National Governors Association Center for Best Practices & Council of Chief State School Officers. (2010). Common Core State Standards for English language arts and literacy in history/social studies, science, and technical subjects. Washington, DC: Authors.

#3B. Common Core Reflections and Critiques (To Be Determined)

#4.You will be assigned one of these readings for a Jigsaw Activity - See the class wikispace at to access these reports:
A. Alvermann, D. (2001). Effective literacy instruction for struggling readers. Published by the National Reading Conference.
B. Biancarosa, G. & Snow, C. (2004). Reading Next: A Vision for Action and Research in Middle and High School Literacy, commissioned by the Carnegie Corporation of New York (Alliance for Excellent Education, 2004, Biancarosa & Snow).
C. Greenleaf, C. & Heller, R. (2007). Literacy Instruction in the Content Areas: Getting to the Core of Middle and High School Improvement. Commissioned by the Carnegie Corporation and published by The Alliance for Excellent Education.
D. Kamil, M., Borman, G., Dole, J., Kral, K., Salinger, T, & Torgeson, J. (2008). Improving Adolescent Literacy. Effective Classroom and Intervention Practices. Institute of Education Sciences (IES).
E. Jenkins, H. (2008). Confronting the challenges of participatory culture: Media education in the 21st Century. John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.
F. Short, D. J., and Fitzsimmons. S. (2007) Double the Work: Challenges and Solutions to Acquiring Language and Academic Literacy for Adolescent English Language Learners—A report to Carnegie Corporation of New York. Washington, D.C.: Alliance for Excellent Education, 2007.

#5. Collins, A., Seely Brown, J., & Holum, A. (1991). Cognitive apprenticeship: Making thinking visible. Reprinted from American Educator, 6-46.

#6A. Lapp, D., Fisher, D., & Grant, M. (2008). “You can read this text – I’ll show you how”: Interactive comprehension instruction. Journal of Adolescent Literacy, 51(5), 372-383.

#6B. Think-aloud videos:

#7. WestEd. (2005-2013). Reading apprenticeship success stories: Improving academic literacy.

#8. Text Complexity Handout 1: Quantitative measures of text complexity (TBD)

#9. Text Complexity Handout 2: Qualitative measures of text complexity (TBD)

#10. Fisher, D., Frey, N., & Lapp, D. (2012). Chapter 4: Matching Readers to Texts and Tasks. In Text complexity: Raising Rigor in Reading. Newark, DE: International Reading Association.

#11. Argumentation Handout: Excerpts from Chapter 1 of Hillocks, G. (2011). Teaching argument writing: Grades 6-12. Supporting claims with relevant evidence and clear reasoning. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.

#12A. Wood, K. D., Lapp, D., Flood, J., & Taylor, D. B. (2008). Extended anticipation guide. Guiding readers through text: Strategy guides for new times.Newark, DE: International Reading Association.

#12B. (Picture Book Article Choice)
  • Billman, L. (2002). Aren’t these books for little kids? Educational Leadership, 48-51.
  • Smyth, T. S. & Waid, B. (2010). Integrating literature in math: A novel idea. Mathematics Teacher. 104(2). 113-119.
  • Hibling (2003) A Picture's Worth A Thousand Words: Using Visual Images to Improve Comprehension for Middle School Struggling Readers. Reading Teacher, 56, 8.
  • Albright, L. (2002). Bringing Ice Maiden to Life: Engaging Adolescents Through Learning in Picture Read-Alouds in Content Areas. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 45(5), 418-428
  • Connor, J (2003). "The textbooks never said anything!" Adolescents respond to The Middle Passage/White Ships, Black Cargo. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 240-246.
  • Dreher, S. (2003). Reading Aloud in A High School English Classroom. The English Journal, 93(1), 50-53
  • OR find a more recent article about using picture books in secondary content area instruction.

#12C. Interactive Websites for Frontloading Content and/or Building Prior Knowledge

#13A. Lawrence, J. F., White, C., & Snow, C. (2010). The words students need. Educational Leadership, 68(2), 23-26

and #13B. The SERP Word Generation Website:

#14. Fang, Z. & Schleppegrell, M. J. (2010). Disciplinary literacies across content areas: Supporting secondary reading through functional language analysis. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 53(7), 587-597.

#15. Schwartz, R. M., & Raphael, T. E. (1985). Concept of definition: A key to improving students’ vocabulary. The Reading Teacher, 39(2), 198-205.

#16. Beck, I., McKeown, M. & Kucan, L. (2004). Chapters 2-3: Choosing Words to Teach and Introducing Vocabulary. In Bringing Words to Life: Robust vocabulary instruction. New York, NY: Guilford Press.

#17. Guskey, T. R. (2008). The rest of the story. Educational Leadership, 65, 28-35.

#18. Reading on Graphic Organizers (TBD).

#19. Teaching Channel Video Segments with Content Specific Examples of Argumentation and Evidence Based Reasoning

#20. Wingate, U. (2012). ‘Argument!’ helping students understand what essay writing is about. Journal of English for Academic Purposes, 145-154.

#21. Teaching Channel Video Selections on Discussion Techniques (TBD)